Helen Sykes is one of the authors on the Chapter 35 – Fiji: Coastal and Marine Ecosystems in World Seas: An Environmental Evaluation – Second Edition, Volume Two.
World Seas: An Environmental Evaluation
Volume II: The Indian Ocean to the Pacific
Mangubhai S, Sykes H, Lovell E, Brodie G, Jupiter S, Lal R, Lee S, Loganimoce EM, Morris C, Nand Y, Qauqau I, Rashni B (2018) Fiji: Coastal and marine ecosystems. In C. Sheppard (ed.) World Seas.: An Environmental Evaluation Volume II: The Indian Ocean to the Pacific. Elsevier, Oxford.
The Indian Ocean to the Pacific provides a comprehensive review of the environmental condition of the seas from the Indian Ocean to the Pacific.
Each chapter in World Seas: An Environmental Evaluation – Second Edition, Volume Two is written by experts in the field who provide historical overviews in environmental terms, current environmental status, major problems arising from human use, informed comments on major trends, problems and successes, and recommendations for the future.
The book is an invaluable worldwide reference source for students and researchers who are concerned with marine environmental science, fisheries, oceanography and engineering and coastal zone development.
- Wildlife Conservation Society, Suva, Fiji†
- Marine Ecology Consulting, Lami, Fiji‡
- University of the South Pacific, Suva, Fiji§
- Consultant, 8 Naqumu Road, Lami, Fiji
- NatureFiji-MareqetiViti, Suva, Fiji
Fiji is one of the most developed of the Pacific Island economies and its people are highly dependent on the country’s rich biodiversity and natural resources for food, agriculture, tourism, culture, coastal protection, shelter, recreational sports, and other vital human needs.
The country has undergone rapid changes in growth and development and the coastal ecosystems are increasingly threatened by a number of anthropogenic activities (e.g., overharvesting and overexploitation of land and sea resources, mining, coastal development) and their associated impacts (e.g., sedimentation, eutrophication, and pollution).
These threats are resulting in losses in coastal habitats with a loss of 5% of mangroves from 1991 to 2007, particularly around urban areas. Fiji’s coral reefs, which have demonstrated considerable resilience to coral bleaching, are vulnerable to crown-of-thorns starfish outbreaks, damage from cyclones, and coastal development.
A Category 5 cyclone in 2016 caused loss and damage across all sectors including infrastructure, agricultural systems, and coastal ecosystems in the order of US$945 million.
However, there are significant efforts to protect and restore habitats and fisheries through inshore locally managed marine areas connected to larger, deeper water marine managed areas, as well as an expansion in integrated coastal management efforts.
Sustainable use and practical management of coastal resources are urged while there is still a chance of ecosystem repair and restoration.
- 35.1. Introduction
- 35.2. Climate and Oceanography
- 35.3. Coastal and Marine Habitats and Ecosystems
- 35.4. Threatened and Protected Species
- 35.5. Resource Use and Threats to Coastal and Marine Ecosystems
- 35.6. Climate Change and Natural Disasters
- 35.7. Management and Protective Measures
- 35.8. Future Projections for Fiji
- Further Reading
Show full outline
Key Features of World Seas: An Environmental Evaluation – Second Edition, Volume Two
- Covers regional issues that help countries find solutions to environmental decline that may have already developed elsewhere
- Provides scientific reviews of regional issues, thus empowering managers and policymakers to make progress in under-resourced countries and regions
- Includes comprehensive maps and updated statistics in each region covered
Professionals and students interested in marine science, environmental science and climate change impact
Table of Contents
Fiji: Coastal and Marine Ecosystems
Sangeeta Mangubhai, Helen Sykes, Edward Lovell, Gilianne Brodie, Stacy Jupiter, Cherie Morris, Steven Lee, Epeli M. Loganimoce, Bindiya Rashni, Ronal Lal, Yashika Nand, Ingrid Qauqau
- No. of pages: 934
- Language: English
- Copyright: © Academic Press 2019
- Published: 14th September 2018
- Imprint: Academic Press
- Paperback ISBN: 9780081008539