Vanua as Environment: Conservation, Farming, and Development in Waitabu, Fiji

Vanua as Environment: Conservation, Farming, and Development in Waitabu, Fiji

by Hao-Li Lin, BA, Anthropology, National Taiwan University, 2004

Submitted to the Graduate Faculty of the Kenneth P. Dietrich School of Arts and Sciences, in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy.

Defended and approved on March 16th, 2015

GCRMN_LinkedIn_Fish

Status of Coral Reefs of the World Report: 2020

The Sixth Edition of the Sixth Global Coral Reef Monitoring Network (GCRMN) Status of Coral Reefs of the World Report: 2020 was launched on October 5th 2021. 

This flagship product of the GCRMN describes the status and trends of coral reefs worldwide.

This sixth edition is the first since 2008, and the first based on the quantitative analysis of a global dataset compiled from raw monitoring data contributed by more than 300 members of the network.

A Mangrove Management Plan for Fiji MMP for Fiji (Phase 2)

A Mangrove Management Plan for Fiji (Phase 2) – 1985

This Mangrove Management Plan, written in 1985 by one of Fiji’s foremost terrestrial biologists, Dr Dick Watling, while not formulated into law in the Fiji Islands, remain the only comprehensive study of Fiji’s mangrove areas available.

Together these plans comprised over 15,000 ha or about 35% of Fiji’s mangroves.

Maps were prepared of the mangrove resource with the mangroves allocated to alliances (dominant species’ associations which characterised the mangroves of the area and their assumed productivity). Separate maps were then prepared with a zonation overlay.

A hierarchical designation of zones was proposed so as to allow a degree of flexibility with the ‘Managed’ and ‘Development’ designated zones whilst affording maximum protection for the majority of the resource (Table 1 and Figure 2).

The overall purpose of the plan and the zoned maps was to provide the Mangrove Management Committee and Department of Lands with a framework for decision-making when development applications were received or when departmental licensing for specific purposes i.e. mangrove harvesting for timber.

The maps were also shown to developers to focus their attention on the need or not to convert mangroves, and/or direct their attention to more suitable sites.

Best Practice Mangrove Planting For Fiji - A Discussion Document

Best Practice Mangrove Planting For Fiji – A Discussion Document

Currently, Fiji has no national policy, plan or official guidelines for mangrove planting.

This review has been prepared by Dr Dick Watling, and is founded on nearly 40 years of observation and interest in Fiji’s mangrove, assistance as a member of the Mangrove Management Committee since its inception (when functioning) and consultant to the private and public sector on mangrove issues in Fiji.

He is the author of the Mangrove Management Plan for Fiji 1985-86 and its follow up in 2013.

A Mangrove Management Plan for Fiji MMP for Fiji (Phase 1)

A Mangrove Management Plan for Fiji (Phase 1) – February 1983

This Mangrove Management Plan, written in 1985 by one of Fiji’s foremost terrestrial biologists, Dr Dick Watling, while not formulated into law in the Fiji Islands, remain the only comprehensive study of Fiji’s mangrove areas available.

Together these plans comprised over 15,000 ha or about 35% of Fiji’s mangroves.

Maps were prepared of the mangrove resource with the mangroves allocated to alliances (dominant species’ associations which characterised the mangroves of the area and their assumed productivity). Separate maps were then prepared with a zonation overlay.

A hierarchical designation of zones was proposed so as to allow a degree of flexibility with the ‘Managed’ and ‘Development’ designated zones whilst affording maximum protection for the majority of the resource (Table 1 and Figure 2).

The overall purpose of the plan and the zoned maps was to provide the Mangrove Management Committee and Department of Lands with a framework for decision-making when development applications were received or when departmental licensing for specific purposes i.e. mangrove harvesting for timber.

The maps were also shown to developers to focus their attention on the need or not to convert mangroves, and/or direct their attention to more suitable sites.

Mangrove Zonation in the Mangrove Management Plan for Fiji 1985/86.

Primary – Mangrove Reserve

  • Resource Reserve
  • National Reserve

Secondary – Managed Resource

  • Traditional Use
  • Wood Production
  • Shoreline Protection

Tertiary – Development Zone

  • Sewage Treatment
  • Effluent Processing
  • Urban Development
  • Tourism Development
  • Agriculture Development

What is this Environment and Climate Adaptation Levy (ECAL)

About once a month we have a client or colleague ask us “So, what exactly is this Environment and Climate Adaptation Levy (ECAL), and what does the Government do with it?”

So in the spirit of answering questions and putting this online so it’s easy to Google, here is the official Fiji Government presentation and talk about what the Environment and Climate Adaptation Levy (ECAL) is all about.

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